Concussion Handout

  • REST – For the first 2 days – stay home from school and work
    • Do not need to rest in a dark room
    • Limit screen time: texting, TV, phones, video games – to 5 min/hour
  • SLEEP – get plenty of rest and nap (in first 2 days only)
    • Go to bed and rise at regular time
    • Use bedroom only for sleeping
    • No electronics in bedroom at night (computers, digital clocks, phones)
  • MEDICINE – avoid all if possible!! Do not take ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or aspirin for headaches as they may increase bleeding.  Acetaminophen (Tylenol) is fine.
  • FUEL – drink lots of water, follow a “brain recovery diet” (ask for ours!)
  • ROUTINE – establish and maintain. Sleep, meals, study (as tolerated)
  • LIGHT – If very sensitive to light, wear a hat and sunglasses when outside, and inside for fluorescent lights and screens- but slowly wean away from protection
  • NOISE – avoid noisy loud environments like arenas, music class, gym
  • SCHOOL/WORK – may need to take time off school/work initially. A progressive “Return to Learn/Work” program should be followed (ask us!)
  • EXERCISE – avoid activity with contact or impact initially. The brain is prone to being re-injured before it is fully healed from the first injury. Can go for easy walks for up to 40 min a day.   Follow a progressive “Return to Play” protocol (we have one, of course!)

Go to EMERGENCY if you:

  • have a suddenly worsening headache – have unequal pupils
  • are bleeding/clear fluid from ear/nose – slur your speech
  • have convulsions or a seizure – can’t be woken
  • have repeated vomiting (> 2times) 
  • have unsteady gait